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JavaFX ListView

Jakob Jenkov
Last update: 2016-05-18

The JavaFX ListView control enables users to choose one or more options from a predefined list of choices. The JavaFX ListView control is represented by the class javafx.scene.control.ListView . This JavaFX ListView tutorial will explain how to use the ListView class.

Creating a ListView

You create a ListView simply by creating a new instance of the ListView class. Here is a JavaFX ListView instantiation example:

ListView listView = new ListView();

Adding Items to a ListView

You can add items (options) to a ListView by obtaining its item collection and add items to it. Here is an example that adds items to a JavaFX ListView :

listView.getItems().add("Item 1");
listView.getItems().add("Item 2");
listView.getItems().add("Item 3");

Adding a ListView to the Scene Graph

To make a ListView visible you must add it to the scene graph. This means that you must add the ListView to a Scene object or to some layout component which is then attached to the Scene object.

Here is an example showing how to add a JavaFX ListView to the scene graph:

package com.jenkov.javafx.controls;

import javafx.application.Application;
import javafx.scene.Scene;
import javafx.scene.control.ListView;
import javafx.scene.layout.HBox;
import javafx.stage.Stage;


public class ListViewExperiments extends Application  {


    @Override
    public void start(Stage primaryStage) throws Exception {
        primaryStage.setTitle("ListView Experiment 1");

        ListView listView = new ListView();

        listView.getItems().add("Item 1");
        listView.getItems().add("Item 2");
        listView.getItems().add("Item 3");

        HBox hbox = new HBox(listView);

        Scene scene = new Scene(hbox, 300, 120);
        primaryStage.setScene(scene);
        primaryStage.show();
    }

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        Application.launch(args);
    }
}

The application resulting from running this example would look similar to this screenshot:

A JavaFX ListView added.

Notice how the ListView shows multiple options by default. You can set a height and width for a ListView, but you cannot set explicitly how many items should be visible. The height determines that based on the height of each item displayed.

If there are more items in the ListView than can fit into its visiible area, the ListView will add scroll bars so the user can scroll up and down over the items.

Reading the Selected Value

You can read the selected indexes of a ListView via its SelectionModel. Here is an example showing how to read the selected indexes of a JavaFX ListView:

ObservableList selectedIndices =
    listView.getSelectionModel().getSelectedIndices();

The OberservableList will contain Integer objects representing the indexes of the selected items in the ListView.

Here is a full JavaFX example with a button added which reads the selected items of the ListView when clicked:

package com.jenkov.javafx.controls;

import javafx.application.Application;
import javafx.collections.ObservableList;
import javafx.scene.Scene;
import javafx.scene.control.Button;
import javafx.scene.control.ListView;
import javafx.scene.control.SelectionMode;
import javafx.scene.layout.VBox;
import javafx.stage.Stage;


public class ListViewExperiments extends Application  {


    @Override
    public void start(Stage primaryStage) throws Exception {
        primaryStage.setTitle("ListView Experiment 1");

        ListView listView = new ListView();

        listView.getItems().add("Item 1");
        listView.getItems().add("Item 2");
        listView.getItems().add("Item 3");


        Button button = new Button("Read Selected Value");

        button.setOnAction(event -> {
            ObservableList selectedIndices = listView.getSelectionModel().getSelectedIndices();

            for(Object o : selectedIndices){
                System.out.println("o = " + o + " (" + o.getClass() + ")");
            }
        });


        VBox vBox = new VBox(listView, button);

        Scene scene = new Scene(vBox, 300, 120);
        primaryStage.setScene(scene);
        primaryStage.show();


    }

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        Application.launch(args);
    }
}

Allowing Multiple Items to be Selected

To allow multiple items in the ListView to be selected you need to set the corresponding selection mode on the ListView selection model. Here is an example of setting the selection mode on the JavaFX ListView:

 listView.getSelectionModel().setSelectionMode(SelectionMode.MULTIPLE);

Once you have set the SelectionMode.MULTIPLE on the ListView selection model, the user can select multiple items in the ListView by holding down SHIFT or CTRL when selecting additional items after the first selected item.

Here is a full JavaFX example that shows how to set a ListView into multiple selection mode, including a button which when clicked will write out the indices of the selected items in the ListView :

package com.jenkov.javafx.controls;

import javafx.application.Application;
import javafx.collections.ObservableList;
import javafx.scene.Scene;
import javafx.scene.control.Button;
import javafx.scene.control.ListView;
import javafx.scene.control.SelectionMode;
import javafx.scene.layout.VBox;
import javafx.stage.Stage;


public class ListViewExperiments extends Application  {


    @Override
    public void start(Stage primaryStage) throws Exception {
        primaryStage.setTitle("ListView Experiment 1");

        ListView listView = new ListView();

        listView.getSelectionModel().setSelectionMode(SelectionMode.MULTIPLE);

        listView.getItems().add("Item 1");
        listView.getItems().add("Item 2");
        listView.getItems().add("Item 3");


        Button button = new Button("Read Selected Value");

        button.setOnAction(event -> {
            ObservableList selectedIndices = listView.getSelectionModel().getSelectedIndices();

            for(Object o : selectedIndices){
                System.out.println("o = " + o + " (" + o.getClass() + ")");
            }
        });


        VBox vBox = new VBox(listView, button);

        Scene scene = new Scene(vBox, 300, 120);
        primaryStage.setScene(scene);
        primaryStage.show();


    }

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        Application.launch(args);
    }
}

Jakob Jenkov




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